Power tools such as wood lathers and table saws are intrinsically hazardous even though the wood lathe is expected as one the safest & securest of the larger power tools in a woodworking shop. Yet there are a few contemplations in the maintenance of a lathe that keep the standards of safety high. Wood lathe maintenance might be channeled into three categories, steady, regular and long term.
For the amateur wood turner this could be for all purposes and intents be thought of as monthly, yearly and by the session. With a little preparation and thought, this need not be a tiresome set of processes but merely a part of the woodturning experience. Too often we overlook the bigger parts of a lathe until or unless they break. This causes aggravation an interruption in work flow that might last for weeks waiting for components.
Maintenance on yearly basis looks at the overall health of the lather. Wood lathers revolve wood between tail stocks and head stocks while allowing the turner to move tools back and forth to eradicate wood. This means there are bearings for things that revolve, belts to move power from one site to another, motors that drive the rotations and metal sliding on metal to let tools to move.
The simplest of these is to check for the sliding of equipments rests and tailstocks over the ways of lather to hold wood and maneuver tools. If there is uncertainty in the movement of either it is typically because of the rust on the finishes or ways that have hardened on the metal. Remove the tool and the tailstock rest banjo from the lathe and check either on the base of each. Clean rust and finish from the ways, tailstock and banjo with fine steel wool, sandpaper or cleaner and apply wax to the ways for easier movement and rust prevention prior replacing the banjo and tailstock.
Check belts for wear and restore them from spare belts that you have in hand. Belts tend to be the economical side of lathe repair and it is advisable to have an extra one in the shop. Similarly, bearing will expected announce incipient wear with movement or noise and should be ordered prior demanding replacement. Each lathe is somewhat different for bearing replacement to follow your manufacturer’s suggestion.
At least monthly blow any sort of dust out of the motor as well as examine the wiring for good repair. Rising bolts can loosen with vibration from turning wood and must be checked for tightness. This is a perfect time to look at bearings and belts for wear and to order new ones for the yearly checkup.
Prior every turning session make certain that the lathe is not crowded with other equipments and there is sufficient room to move around it while turning. Make sure all equipments are sharp and the sharpening station is set to go with a cleaned wheel. Very rapidly this all becomes second nature and adds to the gratification of turning wood. The satisfaction of knowing the tools are in order will only add to the satisfaction and contentment of the wood turning experience.