Power tools such as wood lathes and table saws are intrinsically dangerous even though the wood made lathe is expected one the safest and securest of the large power tools in the woodwork shop. However, there are a few thoughts in the maintenance of a lathe that keep safety standard higher.
The maintenance of a wood made lathe might be channeled into three basic categories, steady, regular and long term. For the part-time woodturner this can for all purposes and intents be thought of as monthly, yearly and by the session. With a little preparation and thought, this needs not to be a tiresome set of practices but merely a part of woodturning experience. Too frequently we overlook the bigger parts of a lathe until or unless they break. This causes interruption and frustration in workflow that may last for some weeks waiting for parts.
Maintenance on yearly basis looks at the overall health of wood lathes. These lathes spin between tail stocks and head stocks while allowing the wood turner to turn tools back and forth to remove wood. This indicates there are bearings for things that revolve, motors that drive the spinning, belts to move power from one site to another, and metal sliding in metal to allow tools to move.
The simplest of these to confirm is the descending of tools rests and tailstocks over the ways of a wood made lathe to maneuver tools and hold wood. If there is uncertainty in the movement of either it is typically due to rust on the finishes or ways that have hardened on the metal. Eliminate the tailstock and the tool rest banjo from the wood made lathe and check for either on the base of each. Clean finish and rust from the ways, tailstock and banjo with fine sandpaper, cleaner or steel wool and apply wax on the ways for easiest movement and rust prevention prior replacing the banjo and tailstock.
Inspect belts to put on and replace them from extra belts that you have in hand. Belts tend to be the economical side of lathe reparation and it is good to have an extra one in the shop. Similarly, bearing will likely declare incipient wear with movement or noise and must be ordered prior to demanding for replacement. Every lathe is somewhat different for bearing replacement thus follows your manufacturer’s suggestion.
At least monthly blow any dirt out of the motor and inspect the wiring for fine repair. Rising bolts can loosen with vibration from turning wood and must be checked for stiffness. This is a right time to look at bearings and belts for wear and to order newer ones for the yearly checkup.
Prior to every turning session make certain that the lathe is not packed out with other equipments and there is sufficient room to move around it while turning. Make sure all tools are razor-sharp and the sharpening station is ready to tone with a cleaned wheel.